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2017考研英语阅读精选:后奥巴马时代

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admin 发表于 2020-9-24 21:59:43 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题

  考研英语阅读真题中的文章,多摘自英美主流外刊,有时候你认识所有单词、搞清全部语法还不够,还需要了解英美文化,掌握他们的表达方式,这就是阅读的潜台词。有时候是一些俗语和俚语,有时候是固定搭配,有时候需要借助历史、风俗、文化才能理解某种现象或表达。总之,这些地道的英语文章背后都有潜台词,一般人不容易读出,但往往是理解文章的关键。

  2017考研复习开启,新东方网考研频道考研分享《2017考研英语阅读精选》,赶快来学习吧!

  World to face messier Mideast in post-Obama era

  后奥巴马时代,世界将面临一个更加混乱的中东

  导读:在过去的几十年里,我们见到一个又一个的美国总统吹嘘自己可以给中东带来真正的和平,但往往都以进一步加剧该地区的动荡和冲突为结局。

  With only months to leave the White House, Barack Obama is very likely to be another US president doomed to the same failure after nearly eight years of futile efforts to make peace in the Middle East.

  尽管离卸任还有几个月,但在解决中东和平问题上,奥巴马却很有可能成为另一个野心勃勃但却徒劳无功的美国总统。

  On Wednesday, Obama is going to kick off what could be his last visit to Saudi Arabia as president, and convene a summit with leaders of Gulf Arab nations in Riyadh.

  在本周三,奥巴马开始了他最后一次作为总统的沙特之行,并与海湾地区阿拉伯国家在利雅得举行了一场峰会。

  Many observe the trip as the US leader’s last-ditch effort to fix Washington’s impaired partnership with the House of Saud, yet they expect that the outgoing president would return without making much of a difference.

  外界将这次访问视作奥巴马希望修复美国和沙特王室伙伴关系的最后努力,但他们认为奥巴马的这次访问很有可能将无功而返。

  While losing faith in the Americans, Riyadh also fears that Tehran, which is now partially freed from the shackles of economic sanctions, would change the power balance in the region.

  在对美国人失去信心的同时,沙特也担心在部分摆脱经济制裁的情况下,伊朗可能会改变中东地区的势力平衡。

  It then ventured militarily in Yemen to prevent the Shiite Houthi group from taking over the whole country, executed a top Shiite cleric over terror-charges, and is trying to build up a regional anti-terror alliance parallel to the one led-by the United States.

  因此,沙特军方进入也门,以试图阻止什叶派胡塞武装组织接管整个也门。沙特还以恐怖主义罪名为由处死了也门的一名什叶派宗教领袖,试图建立一个由美国为首的地区性反恐怖主义联盟。

  Though the Saudis are discontent, the Iranians are not pleased either. In the face of a Saudi-Iran catch-22, the Obama administration wants to show that it is not appeasing the Islamic Republic, and has slapped new sanctions on Iran’s missile program. For that, Tehran has responded by launching more test shots and military drills.

  尽管沙特表现出不满,但伊朗人似乎也不高兴。在沙特-伊朗矛盾面前,奥巴马政府为了表明自己不是在安抚伊朗,决定对伊朗的导弹计划采取新一轮的制裁。而对此,伊朗方面则以更多的测试发射和军事演习作为回应。(注:catch-22,第二十二条军规,形容相互抵触之规律、或无法脱身之困窘)

  Looking forward, Saudi Arabia’s burgeoning anxiety to defend its preeminence could risk confrontations with a recovering Iran, either directly or in the form of proxy wars. And that is just one facet of how the Obama administration turns the Middle East into a more dangerous place by mishandling the problems there.

  展望未来,沙特对于维持自己在伊斯兰世界的卓越地位感到越来越焦虑,因为它将很有可能在未来和一个日渐强盛的伊朗相对抗,或以直接战争、或以代理战争的形式。而那仅仅只是奥巴马政府因不当处理中东问题,从而将中东推向更危险境地的一个方面。

  In the early days of his presidency, Obama was both ambitious and cost-conscious as he trod the waters in the Middle East.

  在上任初期淌中东这趟浑水的时候,奥巴马显得既踌躇满志,又小心谨慎。

  On the one hand, the president pictured a "new beginning" with the Muslim world in his Cairo University speech and promised to deliver peace to the region, while on the other he was not willing to recalibrate his input to serve the strategies out of political calculations.

  一方面,奥巴马在开罗大学演讲时,描绘了伊斯兰世界的一个“新篇章”,并承诺自己将实现该地区的和平。但在另一方面,奥巴马又不愿意以不计政治报酬的方式投入到该地区的事务中去。

  From the start, Obama’s Middle East strategy is doomed to fail because he is more of an opportunist than an idealist. Whenever it comes to the decision that takes real political courage to face the cold-hard facts, he has uniformly flinched.

  从一开始,奥巴马的中东政策就注定会失败,因为他更像一个机会主义者,而不是一个理想主义者。每当需要他拿出真正的政治勇气来对这些冷酷的事实做决定的时候,他都退缩不前。

  When President Obama steps down on Jan. 20 next year, he is sure to leave behind him a Mideast legacy that is shadowed by these unfathomed fundamental questions that are engulfing the region right now, and are ready to fester.

  当奥巴马明年1月20号卸任的时候,他肯定会留下一个难堪的中东政治遗产,这些悬而未决的关键性问题将会成为笼罩整个中东地区政治阴影,并进一步危害中东地区的和平与稳定。

  And whoever is to succeed him, it is hoped that he or she could be a little more responsible in making and executing a Mideast policy, and focus on what matters most instead of pure American self-interests. Otherwise, the US meddling could only get the region deeper mired in conflicts.

  不管奥巴马的继任者是谁,都希望他或者她能够在制定和执行中东政策的时候更负责一点,应该致力于中东地区最迫切需要解决的问题,而不是只寻求如何实现美国自身的利益。否则,美国的干涉只会让中东卷入到更深的冲突中去。



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